Sunday, December 31, 2000


Checklist: some of the films I saw theatrically in 2000

7.1.2000 Random Hearts
8.1.2000 Tyttö sillalla
22.1.2000 American Beauty

3.2.2000 Levottomat

4.3.2000 Kuudes aisti

7.4.2000 Magnolia

6.5.2000 Oman elämänsä sankari
6.5.2000 Erin Brockovich
12.5.2000 Man on the Moon
13.5.2000 Lahjakas herra Ripley
13.5.2000 Minä päivänä tahansa
20.5.2000 Stuart Little
20.5.2000 The Million Dollar Hotel
20.5.2000 Boys Don't Cry
27.5.2000 Happiness

2.6.2000 Pokemon
9.6.2000 Tango kolmelle

15.7.2000 Les Enfants du Marais
15.7.2000 M:I-2 Vaarallinen tehtävä 2
21.7.2000 Peeping Tom
22.7.2000 Tarzan (Disney)

2.9.2000 Silta
2.9.2000 Buena Vista Social Club
23.9.2000 Palaa luokseni

7.10.2000 Kananlento
28.10.2000 Rakkaudella Maire

9.12.2000 Yksinäinen sydän
9.12.2000 Dinosaurus
13.12.2000 Goya
23.12.2000 Peppi Etelämerellä
29.12.2000 Toisen kerroksen lauluja
30.12.2000 Apua! Olen kala

Sunday, October 15, 2000

Le Giornate del Cinema Muto, Sacile, 14-21 October, 2000

This was an abundant programme, ideal for someone getting started in film history – getting to see Lumière, Méliès, Biograph, Griffith, Feuillade, and German avant-garde in best possible prints. There was even a cross-section of all early cinema production in the special programme ”The World in 1900”. And we got to see and hear the world’s first sound film (1894) for the first time in 106 years! A good Millennium bargain.

This year of Le Giornate was a turning-point in programming early shorts. In earlier editions of Le Giornate, for instance, the Edisons and the non-fiction cycles were extremely hard to take. This year, we witnessed successful efforts to program early non-fiction in exciting ways, generally with correct speeds (Biograph at 30 fps). The Biograph compilations will be welcomed by film archive programmers for decades to come. ”The World in 1900” was another attractive attempt to show a wide variety of early cinema in context. Also the German avant-garde, Nordic animation and Walter Lantz shows had high standards of programming compilation.

On a personal note, the programme was too good, and shuttling between Sacile and Pordenone arduous (although the transportation was good). I tried to see too much, and with 15-hour periods without proper rest bouts of fatigue were inevitable. Afterwards I needed a week to recover. I heard similar reports from colleagues.


Speedy (Kaupungin nopein, US 1928) – starring Harold Lloyd. 85’. Presented by Suzanne Lloyd Hayes, music composed and conducted by Carl Davis and performed by Camerata Labacensis. Harold’s last silent film presented in a complete restored version. A delight to discover the full version with charming detail of contemporary New York. Previously I’d only seen the Time-Life abridged version. ****


The first complete D.W. Griffith retrospective ever mounted proceeded into an exciting year. In 1910, DWG and Biograph start to shoot some of their films in California. There were more good films and good prints than in the previous installments. Still, the 16 mm screenings were mostly so horrible that a true evaluation was impossible. But many films screened in 35 mm prints of Civil War themes (The House with Closed Shutters), starring Mary Pickford (Ramona), with subjects of social conscience (The Usurer) or in a pastoral setting (The Arcadian Maid) revealed their cinematic poetry. * marks my favourites. The duration of the films was 5-26 min. A Romance of the Western Hills (DWG 249) was not screened because of 16 mm problems. An excellent companion to the screenings has been The Griffith Project series of books. Part IV has an extended essay on each film. It is certainly one of the best film books of the year.

The Englishman and the Girl (DWG 234)
His Last Burglary 16 mm (DWG 235)
The Final Settlement 16 mm (DWG 236)
Taming a Husband 16 mm (DWG 237)
The Newlyweds 16 mm (DWG 238)
The Thread of Destiny * (DWG 239)
In Old California 16 mm (DWG 204)
The Man 16 mm (DWG 241)
The Converts 16 mm (DWG 242)
Faithful 16 mm (DWG 243)
The Twisted Trail 16 mm (DWG 244)
As It Is In Life 16 mm (DWG 245)
Gold Is Not All * (DWG 246)
A Rich Revenge 16 mm (DWG 247)
Unexpected Help (DWG 248)
Thou Shalt Not 16 mm (DWG 250)
The Way of the World * (DWG 251)
The Unchanging Sea 16 mm * (DWG 252)
The Gold-Seekers 16 mm (DWG 253)
Love Among the Roses 16 mm (DWG 254)
Ramona * (DWG 255)
The Two Brothers (DWG 256)
Over Silent Paths * (DWG 257)
The Impalement * (DWG 258)
In the Season of Buds 16 mm (DWG 259)
A Child of the Ghetto 16 mm (DWG 260)
A Victim of Jealousy (DWG 261)
In the Border States * (DWG 262)
The Face at the Window * (DWG 263)
The Marked Time-Table 16 mm (DWG 264)
A Child’s Impulse 16 mm (DWG 265)
The Purgation (DWG 266)
Muggsy’s First Sweetheart 16 mm (DWG 267)
A Midnight Cupid 16 mm (DWG 268)
What the Daisy Said * (DWG 269)
A Child’s Faith (DWG 270)
Serious Sixteen (DWG 271)
A Flash of Light (DWG 272)
As the Bells Rang Out! (DWG 273)
The Call to Arms 16 mm (DWG 274)
An Arcadian Maid * (DWG 275)
Her Father’s Pride * (DWG 276)
The House with Closed Shutters * (DWG 277)
A Salutary Lesson 16 mm (DWG 278)
The Sorrows of the Unfaithful 16 mm (DWG 279)
The Usurer * (DWG 280)
A Mohawk’s Way 16 mm (DWG 285)
In Life’s Cycle 16 mm (DWG 286)
The Oath and the Man 16 mm (DWG 287)
Rose O’Salem-Town * (DWG 288)
The Iconoclast 16 mm (DWG 289)
Examination Day at School (DWG 290)
That Chink at Golden Gulch 16 mm (DWG 291)
The Broken Doll * (DWG 292)
The Banker’s Daughters 16 mm (DWG 293)
The Message of the Violin 16 mm (DWG 294)
Two Little Waifs 16 mm (DWG 295)
Waiter No. 5 (DWG 296)
Simple Charity * (DWG 297)
The Fugitive * (DWG 298)
Sunshine Sue 16 mm (DWG 299)
The Song of the Wildwood Flute (DWG 300)
A Plain Song (DWG 301)
His Sister-In-Law 16 mm (DWG 302)
A Child’s Stratagem 16 mm (DWG 303)
The Golden Supper (DWG 304)
When a Man Loves 16 mm (DWG 305)
The Lesson (DWG 306)
Winning Back His Love (DWG 307)
A Wreath of Orange Blossoms 16 mm (DWG 308)
The Italian Barber 16 mm (DWG 309)
His Trust 16 mm (DWG 310)
His Trust Fulfilled 16 mm (DWG 311)
The Two Paths * (DWG 312)
Three Sisters (DWG 313)
Fate’s Turning (DWG 314)
The Diamond Star (DWG 315)
What Shall We Do With Our Old? * (DWG 316)
A Decree of Destiny 16 mm (DWG 317)
Heart Beats of Long Ago (DWG 318)
The Lily of the Tenements * (DWG 319)


Louis Feuillade (1873-1925) became in 1907 the artistic director of Gaumont in succession to Alice Guy. By his own estimate he made some 800 films, many of which survive. Le Giornate presented a wonderful selection curated by Jacques Champreux, with a special star guest – Bouboule, the last of Feuillade’s child stars, now a spirited old lady. The Feuillade retrospective was also a versatile cross-section of the state-of-the-art French film production of his era. Many of the prints were dazzling; the Fantômas serial, however, was screened on video only (I skipped it); Les Vampires was not seen in best possible prints.

Debuts in Cinema
L’Homme aimenté (1907) 7’. A comedy about a magnetized man.
Le Violon (1908) 7’. Melodrama about the healing power of music. ”Très pathétique”.
La Légende de la fileuse (1908) 7’. Fantastique: magic and wonders worthy of Méliès
Une dame vraiment bien (1908) 4’. Comedy with the same concept as in The Girl Can’t Help It (”when she walks by the bread slice turns to toast”).
Le Printemps (1909) 7’. ”Vision antique”. Symbolist tableau.
La Possession de l’enfant (1909) 11’. A drama of divorce: the child brings the parents together again. (Affinities with Griffith shorts.)

”Le Film Esthétique”
L’Orgie Romaine / Héliogabale (1911) 8’. The decadent Emperor lets lions loose among his guests.
Le Fils de Locuste (1911) 14’. High tragedy in the court of another decadent Emperor: Nero.

”La Vie telle qu’elle est”
Le Trust ou les batailles de l’argent (1911) 25’. An early Feuillade crime fantasy.
L’Accident (1912) 23’. A triangle drama with a story like in Les Choses de la Vie (Intersection).

The First Child Stars: Bébé and Bout de Zan
Feuillade loved children and regularly had child stars among his cast.
Bébé Apache (1910) 10’. Bébé sets a trap to the apaches.
Bébé fait du cinéma (1911) 10’. Brilliant print of a forgotten meta-film.
Bout de Zan et le cigare (1913) 7’. Beautiful pochoir colour in the story of the boy and the cigar.

”La Vie drôle”
Les Millions de la bonne (1913) 25’. Comedy about the household that comes to believe that their maid is the heiress of an American millionaire.

Les Vampires (1915-1916) ****
1. La Tête coupée 40’
2. La Bague qui tue 17’
3. Le Cryptogramme rouge 48’
4. Le Spectre 38’
5. L’Evasion du mort 45’
6. Les Yeux qui fascinent 70’
7. Satanas 52’
8. Le Maître de la foudre 61’
9. L’Homme des poisons 59’
10. Les Noces sanglantes 65’
The film that gave the emblem to this year’s Le Giornate still thrills with its sense of the absurd, its vision of modernity, and its sense of humour.

Barrabas (1920). Of the last of Feuillade’s great detective serials (12 episodes) I saw the beginning of the prologue: La Maîtresse du Juif Errant. Perhaps more polished the early serials but also a work of Entzauberung.

Parisette (1921-1922). Of the ”Grand cinéroman en 12 épisodes” I saw episode 3: L’Affaire de Neuilly. Fluid storytelling, but the magic is gone.

Pierrot Pierrette (1924). The adventures of two young street singers starring Bout de Zan, now a teenager, together with Bouboule.


A large collection of films shot in the Biograph format (68mm) has now been successfully preserved on 35 mm. The projection speed is 30 fps. These films are true revelations that hardly anyone has seen in a hundred years. The films have been compiled into a witty and exciting touring show of 11 programmes by Nederlands Filmmuseum. The compilations were made by Nico de Klerk with the help of Mark van den Tempel and others at NFM. The length of the films is one minute on the average.
Biograph Programme Number 1 was not shown, at least not as scheduled.

Biograph 2: Where to Place the Camera?
[Charge of the Carabiniers – Aldershot] (GB [1898])
[Hondekarren] (NL [1898])
Threshing Machine at Work (US 1897)
Feestelijk bezoek van HM Konigin Wilhelmina aan Rotterdam (NL 1899)
[Huwelijksstoet ter Gelegenheid van het huwelijk van Wilhelmina en Hendrik] (NL 1901)
Jumping Hurdles (US 1897)
When the Bugle Sounds ”Charge” (DE 1899)
Menai Bridge, the Day Irish Mail from Euston Entering the Tubular Bridge over the Menai Straits (GB 1898)
Launch of the ”Oceanic” (GB 1899)
The Albany Day Boats (US 1897)
[Een Jacht, en Profil] (US [1900])
”Shamrock” and ”Columbia” (US 1899)
[International Yacht Races on the Clyde] (US [1901])
[International Yacht Races on the Clyde] (US [1901])
Coasting on Sleds in the Stockholm Sport Park on Sunday (GB 1902)
Shooting the Chutes (US 1896)
Empire State Express (US 1896)
Battleships ”Maine” and ”Iowa” (US 1897)
Four Warships in Rough Seas (GB 1900)
[Tram Journey Through Southampton] (GB [1900])
Irish Mail – L. & N.W. Railway – Taking Up Water at Full Speed (GB 1898)
From Vaudreuil to St. Anne’s (US [1900])
[Railway Trip Through Mountain Scenery and Tunnels] (US [1900])
Across Brooklyn Bridge (US 1899)

Biograph 3: ”Twentieth-Century Damsel”
The Wonderful Mutoscope (GB [1898])
A Just Cause for Divorce (US 1899)
A Mouse in a Girls’ Dormitory (US 1897)
The Black Cat and the Dinner for Two (GB [1898])
Tolhuis! Kiele! Kiele! (NL 1899)
The Female Drummer (US 1899)
Hazing Affair in a Girls’ Boarding School (US 1899)
The Stolen Stockings (US 1898)
The Nurse’s Joke (US 1899)
An Interrupted Sitting (US 1898)
[Slaapkamerpret] (FR [1899])
The Finish of Mr. Fresh (US 1899)
[Ongewenst vader] (DE [1900])
[Geen bedelaars in de keuken] (GB [1898])
The Amorous Guardsman (GB 1898)
The Price of a Kiss (US 1899)
A Bowery Cafe (US 1897)
Her First Cigarette (US 1899)
Duel to the Death (GB 1898)
[An Interrupted Kiss] [GB (1898)]
Love’s Young Dream (US 1897)
Armor Vs. Amour (US 1899)
Union Square – New York (US 1896)
View on Boulevard, New York City (US 1896)
In a German Bath (DE 1899)

Biograph 4: ”Les feuilles remuaient au vent”
American Falls, Goat Island (US 1896)
Sad Sea Waves (US 1897)
Feeding Seagulls off the Irish Coast (GB 1899)
[Fun on a Sand Hill] (DE [1899])
Skating in Central Park (US 1900)
[Horse Race at Epsom] (GB [1899])
A Pillow Fight (US 1897)
[Kinderspiel] (US [1899])
Een kinderfeest op het eiland Marken (NL [1899])
An Irish Peasant Scene – Feeding Pigs (GB 1899)
A Stable on Fire (US 1896)
[Maidenhead Junction] (GB [1898])
Facial Expressions – The Fateful Letter (GB 1898)
Keystone Express (US 1897)
Haverstraw Tunnel (US 1897)
Place de la Concorde (GB 1897)
[In the Friedrichstrasse] (DE [1899])
Jumbo, Horseless Fire-Engine (US 1897)
[Molens van de Zaanstreek] (GB? [1899])
[Hollandse visservloot] (GB 1898)
American Falls, Luna Island (US 1896)
Ninth Regiment, N.G.N.S.Y. (US 1899)
German Garde Kurassiers (DE 1900)
Amsterdams vreemdelingenverkeer (NL 1899)
Still Waters Run Deep (US 1897)
Water Polo – Worthing Swimming Club (GB 1898)
[German Battleship ”Kaisere Wilhelm II”] (DE 1900)
Landing at Villefranche from U.S. Cruiser ”Olympia” (GB 1899)

Biograph 5: Yesterday’s News
[American Biograph at the Palace] (GB 1899)
Plechtige intocht van H.M. Koningin Wilhelmina in Amsterdam (GB 1898)
Arrival of the Queen at the Palace, Amsterdam (GB 1898)
Review of the Royal Netherlands Guards in the Costumes of the Middle Ages (GB 1898)
The Royal Procession from the Church after the Ceremony (GB 1898)
The Queen and the Queen Mother on the Palace Balcony Responding to the Call of the Populace (GB 1898)
Bloemencorso te Haarlem op 4 juni 1899 (NL 1899)
The Great Ottawa Fire (US 1900)
Bumping Race (Cambridge May Races) (GB 1899)
La Sortie du Congrès de Versailles (FR 1899)
The Marriage of the Earl of Crewe and Lady ”Peggy” Primrose at Westminster Abbey (GB 1899)
From War to Peace – First Departure of SS ”St. Louis” from Southampton (GB 1898)
The Mardi Gras Carnival (US 1898)
The Dreyfus Case
[Dreyfus, Captain Alfred] (FR 1899)
[Na de rechtzaak] (FR 1899)
The Zola-Rochefort Duel, Paris (GB 1898)
Amann, the Great Impersonator (GB 1899)

Biograph 7: People in Front of the Camera
[Prinsengracht] (NL [1898])
”The Lane” on Sunday Morning (GB 1899)
[The Henley Regatta] (GB 1901)
[De Boulevard van Scheveningen] (GB 1898)
Een trambestorming op zondag op den dam (NL 1899)
[American Biograph in Circus o. Carré] (NL [1898])
Venice, Feeding the Pigeons in St. Mark’s Square (GB 1898)
The Georgetown Loop (US 1901)
Tapping a Blast Furnace – Newcastle (GB 1899)
Relieving the Guard at St. James’s Palace (GB 1897)
The Gordon Highlanders: Returning to Camp (GB 1897)
The Vatican Guards, Rome (GB 1898)
Funeral Procession of the Misericordia (GB 1898)
Capuchin Monks (GB 1898)
Procession of Armenian Monks, Including the Abbot- Archbishop St. Lazar, Venice (GB 1898)
Ringrijden voor sjeeten te Harlem (NL 1899)
Changing Guard (Berlin) (GB 1897)
[King Edward VII at the Birthday Celebration of the King of Denmark] (FR 1901)
Antarctic Expedition – Sir George Newnes’ Farewell to Officers and Crew (GB 1898)
[Koninklijk jacht tijdens de vissersvlootrevue bij muiden] (NL [1899])
[Paul Kruger in gesprek] (FR [1900])
Queen Margherita of Italy (GB 1898)
McKinley at Home, Canton, Ohio (US 1896)
Pope Leo XIII
Pope Leo XIII Carried Through the Vatican Loggia on His Way to the Sistine Chapel (GB 1898)
Pope Leo XIII in His Carriage, Passing Through the Vatican Gardens (GB 1898)
Pope Leo XIII, in His Chair (GB 1898)
Pope Leo XIII, Resting on His Way to His Summer Villa (GB 1898)
Pope Leo XIII Walking Before Kneeling Guards (GB 1898)

Biograph 8: How Shots Hang Together
Captain Deasy’s Daring Drive, Ascent (DE 1903)
Worthing Life-Saving Station (GB 1898)
Launch of the Worthing Life-Boat: Coming Ashore (GB 1898)
Me and My Two Friends (GB 1898)
Spanish Coronation Bullfight (GB 1902)
Rip Van Winkle
Rip Meeting the Dwarf (US 1896)
Rip Leaving Sleepy Hollow (US 1896)
Rip’s Toast to Hudson and Crew (US 1896)
Rip’s Twenty Years’s Sleep (US 1896)
Awakening of Rip (US 1896)
Rip Passing Over the Mountain (US 1896)
Venice / Italy
The Grand Canal, Venice (GB 1898)
Panorama of the Grand Canal, Venice; Passing the Vegetable Market (GB 1898)
[Brug der Zuchten] (GB 1898)
Boys Bathing – Venice (GB 1898)
[Venetië-Havengezicht met gondels] (GB 1898)
Neapolitan Dance at the Ancient Forum of Pompeii (GB 1898)
Edward VII’s succession of Queen Victoria
Panoramic View of Windsor Castle (GB 1898)
Her Majesty the Queen Arriving at South Kensington on the Occasion of the Laying of the Foundation Stone of the Victoria & Albert Museum (GB [1899])
[Building Being Pulled Down] (US [1900])
Coronation of Their Majesties King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, First Scene (GB 1902)
Coronation of Their Majesties King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, Second Scene (GB 1902)
Captain Deasy’s Daring Drive, Descent (DE 1903)

Biograph 9: Staging the World
Three Linotype Machines (GB? [1900])
Agoust Family of Jugglers (GB 1898)
[Parade Britsetroepen] (GB [1900])
Charge d’un escadron du 27e dragons, contre une batterie du 11e régiment en position, faisant feu sur l’ennemi (GB 1897)
Fort Hill Fire Station (US 1897)
Hotel on Fire, Paris (Rescue Work by Paris Pompiers) (GB 1898)
”Man Overboard!” (GB 1899)
A Camp of Zingaree Gypsies (GB 1897)
[The Battleship ”Odin” With All Her Guns in Action] (DE 1900)
[Why Papa Can’t Sleep] (GB [1898])
Dutch Fishing Boats (GB 1898)
[Een nat pak] (GB? [1897])
Bath Scene – Holland (GB 1898)
A Country Dance (US 1897)
”Jarabe” Dance, Streets of Mexico, Pan-American Exposition (US 1901)
[Sailors of HMS ”Black Prince” Firing Cannon and Rifles] (GB [1900])
A Bad (K)night (US 1899)
Playing Doctor (GB 1898)
The Dairy Maid’s Revenge (US 1899)
The Spirit of His Forefathers (GB 1900)
A Midnight Fantasy (US 1899)
[Op leven en dood] (GB [1899])

Biograph 10: Visual Attractions
Apple Blossoms (US 1899)
King John (GB 1899) – Herbert Beerbohm Tree
Fencing Contest from the Play ”The Three Musketeers” (GB 1898)
An Intrigue in a Harem (US 1899)
Baxter Street Mystery (US 1899)
[Twee clowns boksen ondersterboven] (GB [1899])
Has He Hit Me? (GB 1898)
[Stealing a Dinner] (GB [1898])
Hurdle Jumping by Trained Dogs (US 1899)
”King” and ”Queen”, the Great High Diving Horses (US 1899)
Wrestling Pony and Man (US 1896)
The Landing of Savage South Africa at Southampton (GB 1899)
Dancing Darkies (US 1896)
[Clifton Suspension Bridge] (GB [1900])
[Warships at Sunset] (GB? [1900])
The Artist’s Dream (US 1899)
Phillis Was Not Dressed to Receive Callers (US 1898)
A Scandalous Proceeding (US 1899)
A Rural Courtship (US 1896)
Les Parisiennes (US 1897)
Conway Castle – Panoramic View of Conway on the L. & N.W. Railway (GB 1898)
[Deep Sea Divers] (GB? [1898])
Rare Fish in the Aquarium (DE? 1899)
Watersnood in Buurt YY (NL 1899)
Surf Dashing Against England’s Rocky Coast (GB 1897)
The Tarantella, an Italian Dance (GB 1898)
Pelicans at the Zoo (GB 1898)
The Smallest Train in the World (US 1899)
From Monte Carlo to Monaco (FR 1899)


Discovered by the Fondazione Cineteca Italiana in Milan, these hors catalogue Lumière films date from the 1890s. Some of them may be original Lumière views not included in the official catalogue. Some may be non-Lumière views shot with the Cinématographe after it became freely available for purchase in 1897. There may even be views that were not shot with the Cinématographe but only distributed on Lumière stock. The definitive identification is a work in progress. Anyway, some of the views are very impressive (e.g. the first view of the train wreck), and the result of the difficult restoration (the special Lumière stock) very successful.

Programma 1
Italie: Omnibus I: Panorama en bâteau: Le Lombardie
Italie: Omnibus II: Panorama en bâteau: Danse à bord d’un navire
Panorama en bâteau: Ponton de débarquement – ”L’Elvezia”
Italie: Le carrosse du Roi Victor-Emmanuel III et sa suite devant une foule
Italie: Le Roi et la Reine à une revue militaire
Italie: Départ de carrosses avec escorte devant un édifice à colonnade
Italie: Les courses I: le Roi et la foule
Italie: Les courses II: Présentation des ânes montés par des enfants
Italie: Les courses III: Défilé de calèches fleuries
Italie: Le Roi et la Reine à une revue militaire II

Programma 2
Italie: Les Courses IV: Présentation des ânes montés par des enfants II
Italie: Départ de cavaliers pour une chasse
Italie: La Chasse: Traversée d’un gué à cheval
Italie: Florence: Attroupement devant un édifice pour une personnalité
Italie: Florence: Sortie d’une église
Italie: Florence: Monte et départ en voiture – vue prise de l’arrière d’un train
Italie: Revue militaire: Cavaliers
Italie: Cyclistes
Italie: Défilé d’automobiles et de vélos fleuris
Italie: Panorama pris d’un bâteau dans un port

Programma 3

Italie: Florence: Défilé de cyclistes devant le baptistère
Italie: Sienne: Le Palio
Italie: Sienne: Le Palio II
Italie: Sienne: Le Palio: La course
Italie: Sienne: Le Palio: La course II
Italie: Les Courses VI: Défilé de calèches fleuries II
Italie: Les Courses VI: La foule
Italie: Calèches et cyclistes
Italie: Les courses VII: La foule II
Italie: Les courses VIII: La foule III
Italie: Revue de pompiers: La couverture – la voiture – la grande échelle

Programma 4

Vues d’Italie: Fêtes à l’occasion de l’exposition de Turin: Les capitaines sur la tribune royale – le cheval d’arçon – les barres parallèles
Italie: Défilé de carrosses avec escortes
Italie: Défilé de carrosses avec escortes II
Italie: Une rue passante
Italie: Déraillement de plusieurs trains: Vue d’ensemble
Italie: Déraillement de plusieurs trains II: Sur la voie
Italie: Déraillement de plusieurs trains III: Locomotive et grue de déblaiement
Italie: Escadre maritime pavoisée
Italie: Escadre maritime II
Italie: Embarquement de personnalités dans des canots
Italie: Embarquement de personnalités dans des canots II
Italie: Les courses IX: La foule IV


The project of tracking down the 510 films of Georges Méliès has now reached the 200th title. Presented by Marie-Hélène Lehérissey-Méliès, piano accompaniment by Laurence Lehérissey-Méliès.

Escamotage d’une dame chez Robert Houdin (1896)
La Tentation de Saint Antoine (1899)
Le Diable noir (1905)
Le Voyage dans la lune (1902)
La Chrysalide et le papillon (1901)
Le merveilleux éventail vivant (1904)
L’Impressionniste fin de siècle (1899)
L’Homme orchestre (1900)
Les Cartes vivantes (1905)
L’Homme à la tête en caoutchouc (1902)
Les nouvelles luttes extravagantes (1900)
La Fée carabosse ou le poignard fatal (1906)
New Discoveries
Une partie de cartes (1896) – GM’s first film, shot in his garden in Montreuil – found by NFTVA – qf. Lumière’s Partie d’écarté
François Premier et Triboulet (1907) – found by Gosfilmofond. The King’s discarded jester finds new favour by conjuring a Grecian beauty.
A la Conquête du pôle (Die Entdeckung des ”Nordpols” I-II, 1912) – brilliant complete 31 min coloured print discovered by Filmarchiv Austria. One rarely gets to see GM in such perfect sharpness of detail. A funny subplot with suffragettes. This great print also is a reminder of how much Karel Zeman learned from GM


A brilliant introduction to the German avant-garde by Enno Patalas. Many of these films are generally available on 16 mm, but it is something completely different to catch them on 35 mm.

Lotte Reiniger
Das Ornament des verliebten Herzens (1919) 5’
Aschenputtel (1922) 20’
Die Abenteuer des Prinzen Achmed (Prinssi Ahmedin seikkailut, 1926) 96’

Karl Heinz Martin
Von morgens bis mitternachts (1920) 65’ – brilliant print of the Expressionist work wilder than Caligari. Not a masterpiece, rather a fascinating cul-de-sac.

Oskar Fischinger
Wachs-Experimente (1924-1927) 11’
Münchner Bilderbogen: Pierrette Nr. 1 (1924) 8’
Spiralen (ca 1926) 5’
Seelische Konstruktionen (1927) 10’
R1 – Ein Formspiel (1927) 7’ scope
München-Berlin Wanderung (1927) 4’
Studie Nr. 1 (1929) 4’
Studie Nr. 2 (1930) 2’
Liebesspiel (1931) 3’
Tönende Ornamente (1932) 4’

Mary Wigman
Mary Wigman tanzt (1930) 11’

Piel Jutzi
Ums tägliche Brot (1929) – I caught the end

Walther Ruttmann
Der Aufstieg (1926) 3’
Spiel der Wellen (1926) 3’
Das wiedergefundene Paradies (1925) 6’
Lichtspiel Opus 1 (1921) 12’
Berlin. Die Sinfonie der Grosstadt (1927) 59’ – original music by Edmund Meisel conducted by Mark Andreas and performed by Camerata Strumentale
In der Nacht (1931) 7’


A tour around the world in motion pictures at the end of the 19th Century and the close of the Victorian Era, presented as if it were a programme compiled in January 1901, at the time of Queen Victoria’s death. Compiled and presented by Frank Gray and Luke McKernan. Music by Neil Brand.

The viewpoint of ”The World of 1900” was that of the British Empire in 1900, ”where the sun never set”. It is a legitimate viewpoint for a show such as this because of its universality and because of practical reasons: all prints were English.

The show even included the roots of the infamous Italian Mondo genre: Beheading a Chinese Boxer belongs to the early examples of shockumentary and splatter in the cinema.

The programme was screened too fast (at 24 fps?). Scheduled at 80 min, it lasted only about one hour.

Funeral of Queen Victoria (Hepworth, GB 1901)
Irish Mail L.&N.W. Railway – Taking up Water at Full Speed (British Biograph, GB 1898)
Thames River Scene (Hepworth, GB 1899)
Pont de la Tour (Lumière, FR 1896)
Entrée du Cinématographe (Lumière, FR 1896)
Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee (?, ? 1897)
Will Evans, The Musical Eccentric (Warwick, GB 1899)
Foundling Hospital Sports Day (Charles Goodwin Norton, GB 1899)
The Derby (Birt Acres / Robert Paul, GB 1895)
General Buller Embarking on the ’Dunottar Castle’ at Southampton (Warwick, GB 1899)
The ”Roslin Castle” (Troopship) Leaving for South Africa (Warwick, GB 1899)

English Channel
Entre Calais et Douvres (Georges Méliès, Star Film, FR 1897)

Panorama of the Paris Exposition No. 3 (Hepworth, GB 1900)
Loie Fuller (Pathé, FR 1900)
Dreyfus rencontre sa femme à Rennes (Georges Méliès, Star Film, FR 1899)
Madame Dreyfus Leaving the Prison (French Biograph, FR 1899)
Captain Alfred Dreyfus (French Biograph, FR 1899)

A Sea Cave Near Lisbon (Paul’s Animatograph, GB 1896)

Courses de taureaux I (Lumière, FR 1897)

Cuirassé américain ”San Francisco” en rade de Villefranche (Lumière, FR 1897)

Coronation of Queen Wilhelmina of Holland at Amsterdam: The Queen and the Queen Mother on the Palace Balcony Responding (Dutch Biograph, NL 1898)

Battleship ”Odin” with All Her Guns in Action (British Biograph, GB 1900)
Cologne: Sortie de la cathédrale (Lumière, FR 1896)

Genève (Exposition 1896): Rentrée à l’étable (Lumière, FR 1896)

The Grand Canal, Venice (British Biograph, GB 1898)
Pope Leo XIII In His Chair (British Biograph, GB 1898)
Maestri di musica (Fregoligraph, IT 1898)
Panorama of Naples (?, ?, ca 1900)

Combat naval en Grèce (Georges Méliès, Star Film, FR 1897)

Départ de Jérusalem en chemin de fer (Lumière, FR 1897)

Seaforth Highlanders’ Return to Cairo After the Fall of Omdurman (Warwick, GB 1898)

Indian Ocean
Churned Waters (Warwick, GB 1899)

South Africa
Troops Leaving Port Elizabeth Jetty (Warwick, GB 1900)
President Kruger (Warwick, GB 1898)
The Dispatch Bearer (Mitchell & Kenyon, GB 1900)
Battle of Spion Kop (British Biograph, GB 1900)

Panorama of Calcutta, India, from the River Ganges (Warwick, GB 1899)

Coolie Boys Diving for Coins (Warwick, GB 1900)

Torres Strait (A.C. Haddon, GB 1898)
Arrivée d’un train à Melbourne (Lumière, FR 1896)
1897 Melbourne Cup (?, AU 1897)
Prince Ranjitsinhji Practising Batting in the Nets (Henry Walter Barnett, AU 1897)

Nankin Road, Shanghai (Warwick, GB 1901)
Beheading a Chinese Boxer (Mitchell & Kenyon?, GB 1900)
Attack on a Chinese Mission – Bluejackets to the Rescue (Williamson, GB 1900)

Pacific Ocean
Feeding the Seagulls (British Biograph, GB 1899)

In the Canadian Rockies, Near Banff (American Biograph, US 1899)
Great Ottawa Fire (American Biograph, US 1900)

United States
American Falls, Goat Island (American Biograph, US 1896)
The Leonard-Cushing Fight (Edison, US 1894)
Going to the Fire (Edison, US 1896)
Across Brooklyn Bridge (American Biograph, US 1896)
The Pickaninnies (Edison, US 1894)
Black Dance Scene (?, US, ca 1900)

”Jarabe” Dance, Streets of Mexico, Pan American Exposition (American Biograph, US 1901)

Visite sous-marine du ”Maine” (Georges Méliès, Star Film, FR 1898)

Atlantic Ocean
Jack’s Game of Cricket on Board H.M.S. Gibraltar (Warwick, GB 1900)

Ligne de Belfast à Kingstown I-III (Lumière, FR 1897)

A Kiss in the Tunnel (G.A. Smith, GB 1899)
A Railway Collision (Paul’s Animatograph, GB 1900)
How It Feels to Be Run Over (Hepworth, GB 1900)
Lady Cyclists (Williamson, GB 1899)
The Big Swallow (Williamson, GB 1901)
Railway Traffic on the L.N.W.R. (Charles Goodwin Norton, GB 1897)
Funeral of Queen Victoria (Hepworth, GB 1901)


This was actually Part Two of Silent Nordic Animation, since the Finnish contribution (A Few Meters of Wind and Rain, etc.) was screened last year already.

The witty and ambitious programme was compiled by Gunnar Strøm. The hard-core pornographic animated film Liten årsak, stor virkning was shown in Good Night Silents, which I missed.

Kapten Groggs underbara resa (Victor Bergdahl, SE 1916) *
Gaasetyven (Robert Storm-Petersen, DK 1920)
Roald Amundsen paa Sydpolen (Sverre Halvorsen, NO 1913) *
Fanden i nøtten (Ola Cornelius, NO 1917/1920s)
Det nye aar? (Sverre Halvorsen, NO 1921)
Trolldrycken (Victor Bergdahl, SE 1915) *
Komisk entré av Pelle Jöns i Cirkus Fjollinski (Victor Bergdahl, SE 1916)
Tyverier fra Bagdad (Ottar Gladtvet, NO 1926)
Teddy paa biltur (Walter Fyrst / Niels Sinding-Hansen, NO 1927)
Teddy paa strandpromenaden (Niels Sinding-Hansen, NO 1927)
Fiinbeck har rømt (Victor Bergdahl?, NO 1927)
Reklamefilm for ”Hjemmet” (Robert Storm-Petersen, DK 1924)
Lille Kalles dröm om sin snögubbe (Emil Åberg, SE 1916)
Rex strykejern (Trygve Dalseg, NO 1924)
En verdensreise, eller da knold og tott vaskede negrene hvite med 13 sæpen (?, NO 1925)
Det mystiske kjøkken (Noget at glæde seg til) (Ottar Gladtvet, NO 1927)
Noahs ark (Ths. W. Schwartz / Martin Christoffersen, NO 1928)
Skjæbnen (Ths. W. Schwartz / Martin Christoffersen, NO 1928)
Dansk arbejde (?, DK ca 1925)
Le theatre du hula hula (?, DK ca 1925) *
Jernmixturen (Robert Storm-Petersen, DK 1921)
Stomatol tandcreme (?, SE 1926)
Stomatol (Missionären i Afrika) (Victor Bergdahl, SE 1926)
Stomatol (Neger’n) (Arvid Olson, SE 1926)
Stomatol (Tyngdlyftaren) (Arvid Olson, SE 1926)
Stomatol munnvatten (Baksmälla) (Arvid Olson, SE 1926)
När kapten Grogg skulle porträtteras (Victor Bergdahl, SE 1917) *


Walter Lantz (1899-1994) was celebrated a year too late for his centenary, due to errors in reference books. Duration of films 7-9 min. Compiled by Geoff Brown. No forgotten masterpieces in this compilation...

Colonel Heeza Liar
Colonel Heeza Liar in the African Jungle (1923)
Colonel Heeza Liar’s ”Forbidden Fruit” (1924)

Dinky Doodle
Captain Kid (1925)
Cinderella (1925)
Dinky Doodle in Lost and Found (1926)
The Giant Killer (1924)
Little Red Riding Hood (1925)
Peter Pan Handled (1925)
The Pied Piper (1924) *
Robinson Crusoe (1925)

Pete the Pup – Hot Dog Cartoons
The Lunch Hound (1927)
(I missed three further films)


Five Klercker films not screened in the Le schiavi bianche allo specchio retrospective in 1986. Brilliant prints mostly struck from the original negative demonstrate how all Swedish should look like... but due to the SF fire of 1941 the original negatives of Sjöström and Stiller burned, and with them, we have to do with weaker definition prints. Breathtaking print quality courtesy of Cinemateket / Svenska Filminstitutet. As a filmmaker, Klercker was a man of his times, not a pathbreaker like Sjöström and Stiller.

För fäderneslandet / L’Espion d’Oesterland (Swedish Films / Pathé Frères, SE 1914) – Cinémathèque française – titles missing – 51’
Nattens barn (Hasselbladfilm, SE 1916) – Cin/Sth 55’
I mörkrets bojor (Hasselbladfilm, SE 1917) – Cin/Sth 38’
Löjtnant ”Galenpanna” (Luutnantti Huimapää, Hasselbladfilm, SE 1917) – Cin/Sth 36’
Nattliga toner (Hasselbladfilm, SE 1918) – Cin/Sth 61’


Four unknown comedies from the masters.

Get Out and Get Under (US 1920), D: Hal Roach, starring: Harold Lloyd, Mildred Davis. Norsk filminstitutt 20’. Car slapstick short.

La Nègre du Rapide No. 13 / Cretinetti e il mistero del Direttissimo n. 13 (FR 1923), D: Jacques Mandement, starring: André Deed. Didascalie in italiano – 52’. The last comedy vehicle of André Deed / Cretinetti has brilliant business in the railway yard.

Say Ah, Ed (US 1928), D+starring: Charley Bowers – second reel only 13’. Eggs are desperately wanted for breakfast on an ostrich farm. Charley feeds the ostriches with found objects resulting to an ”Archimboldo-like creature” (Paolo Cherchi Usai).

A Sleepless Night (US 1933?), D: Charley Bowers. The cat tries to sleep while the mice throw a party in this animated film (object animation) which was maybe never released.


Im Wannseebad (DE 1910) 5’

Der Schneeschuchläufer in Nöten (Oskar Messter, DE 1910) 7’

Der getäuschte Pierrot (Ludwig von Wich, DE 1917) 7’

Fast and Furious (Moottoripaholainen, US 1927, O: Melville W. Brown, starring Reginald Denny) – I saw the start only.


[Dickson Experimental Sound Film] (W.K.L. Dickson, Raff & Gammon, US 1893-1894). Library of Congress, restored in 2000, synchronized with phonographic cylinder. 1’07”. The world’s first sound film, a test for Edison’s Kinetophone project, shot in Edison’s laboratory, was shown synchronized for the first time in 106 years. The two dancing men are not gay (although The Celluloid Closet the film starts with this image), and the violinist is revealed to be playing a theme from Cavalleria rusticana.

The Scarlet Letter (US 1913) /32 fps/ 9’. George Eastman House restoration of the only known Kinemacolor Company of America fiction production that survives.

Concerning One Thousand Dollars (US 1916) 6’. GEH restoration of the first fiction made in the Kodachrome process.

[Unid. Two-Color Additive System Test. Open Air Scene] (US 1916) /32 fps/ 12”. Unidentified early color system experiment restored by GEH.

Exhibition Reel of Two Color Film. Brewster Color Film Corporation, Newark, NJ. (US 1919). 9’. Brewster Color showreel restored by GEH

Example of Color Cinematography Produced by the Kodachrome Process (US 1925) 9’ GEH

[Mary Pickford Technicolor No. 2 Test] (US 1926) 10’ GEH

Plan B (US 1999) 2’ New film shot with a 1907 Charles Urban Bioscope camera.

Winner Take All (US 2000) 3’ New film shot with a 1907 Charles Urban Bioscope camera.


12 young experts got introduced to Le Giornate community in seven Dialogues.

I participated as a presenter in Dialogue IV ”Seeing With Others’ Eyes” with special reference to Jääkärin morsian (The Soldier’s Bride / Jägarens brud, FI 1931), shown in 1999, now re-shown on video.

Only three Finnish feature films were included in the 1999 selection, on a two month notice, with minimal preparation. Besides the obvious masterpiece Nummisuutarit (The Village Shoemakers) two films were selected. Laveata tietä (The Broad Way) became a favourite of the festival. Jääkärin morsian was a controversial choice. Many liked it, many were bored. Some were insulted – by the patriotism and the regrettable anti-semitic caricature already singled out in advance in the catalogue.

The complex history of a small country like Finland is little known abroad. There is no agreement on the interpretation of the main course of events in 1917-1918 in Finland, either. Instead, it is a field of a sensitive foundation myth. The presentation of the historical framework in Jääkärin morsian the film is so cavalier that it hardly bothers any Finnish viewer. It is a romantic musical adventure which is not expected to strain for historical accuracy. However, it is about fighting for freedom against oppression, a theme which has universal resonance. The film is not nationalistic in the sense that it claims one nation’s superiority or another’s inferiority. The Russians are the enemy, but the way the Russian Captain is portrayed is dignified, and in the most moving scenes of the film the Finnish hero finds his corpse and takes his last letter to his widow. There is no glorification of violence and no demonization of the enemy. The film is militant but not militaristic. The hero is also a soldier of love and peace.

As for the anti-semitic caricature, there is no excuse: it is a disgusting feature in the film. Maybe even more so since it has some affinity with figures like Max Davidson or Menachem Mendel interpreted by Solomon Mikhoels. There are many other racist caricatures in films shown in Le Giornate, and there is no excuse for them either. They must be shown, but critically. – For the Finnish viewer, Jääkärin morsian is a contradictory text as to the racism. Significantly, the title figure is portrayed by the Finnish Jewish Princess Hanna Taini, who was a major star in the 1930s and in the 1940s, also during the Holocaust. In Finland, Jews got citizenship rights first after the Declaration of Independence of 1917. During the Russian Empire, they could not get Finnish citizenship. On the other hand, there were no ghettoes nor pogroms in Finland. During the Holocaust, Finland was fighting with Germany against Russia, but no Finnish Jews were harassed or discriminated. Bizarrely, on the Finnish front Jewish soldiers found themselves fighting together with Germans. Most of the Jewish refugees fleeing through Finland were rescued, but eight were returned; seven of them murdered in Auschwitz. – The Jewish caricatures of pre-Holocaust Finnish films have become an embarrassment.

The discussion of Dialogue IV went on for two hours, and there were further interesting discussions with some of the Collegiates during the following days.

Leo Tolstoy said in What Is Art? that art is incompatible with nationalism and clericalism. It is the vocation of art to communicate universal feeling and cross boundaries, not erect them. Tolstoy was a friend of Finland, an opponent of Czarist tyranny. In his last years, he wrote a tale of the Chechen rebel Hadzhi Murat, celebrating the fight for freedom. To be redeemed in Jääkärin morsian is that same fighting spirit.

As for silent cinema, a more serious question for Finland about ”Seeing With Others’ Eyes” is why the wonderful Nummisuutarit never seems to cross over like Laveata tietä did.

Thursday, August 24, 2000

Oulu Music Video Festival 24-27 Aug 2000: National Competition


Kotimainen kilpailu 1

Aalto Antti

Alapuranen Samuli
Leo Love
Capsula de Rosca

Andersson Finn
Waldo’s People featuring Herbie
Bounce (To the Rhythm Divine)

Andersson Finn

5. Andersson Finn
Ilkeitä asioita

Andersson Finn
Before You Hit the Ground

Andersson Finn
Set me free

Anttila Jarno
Impaled Nazarene
Cogito ergo sum

Autio Jaakko
Jaakko Autio alias Bram Nelson
Happy Happy World

Berghäll Joonas

Berghäll Joonas
Alakulotettuja Tunnelmia

Cadia Anna
Oscar H.O.T. Quartet

Cadia Anna
Oscar H.O.T. Quartet
A’la P.M.

Cadia Anna
Come With Me

Cadia Anna
Pool: Crash

Double Score Dungeon

Kotimainen kilpailu 2

Eerola Antti & Heikki
Walk With Me

Talking to me?

Haanpää Harri
No Shame

Haanpää Harri
Kaikki nuoret tyypit

Haanpää Harri
Twilight Ophera
Night Beholds the Secret Candestine

Halonen Timo
In the Heat of the Night

Hara Pekka
Milla Alftan
Had E-nuff

Haukkamaa Lauri
Mustaa tai valkoista

Heikkinen Petri
The Party

Jakonen Mikko
Boy Novice

Jokinen Pekka
Humppaa Saatanat

Kallio Rami
Disco Ensemple

Kallio Rami

Kamula Mika & Kemppainen Perttu

Kotimainen kilpailu 3

Karanka Jonna
Jonna Karanka

Karanka Jonna & Lonka Johanna
Office Building
Karaoke Star

Kaukoranta Sökö
Hunting High & Low

Kaukoranta Sökö
Burning 4 U

Käyhkö Sami
Babylon Whores
Sol Niger

Käyhkö Sami
Sleeping Sun

Keihäs Antti-Juhani

Kerman Sasu

Kiviharju Juha
Timo Lehtonen

Kojonen Edward
Lowely Worm

Korpela Teemu
The Phantom Tones
You Didn’t Know Me

Koskela Jari
Let Me Dream
The Maze

Kotimainen kilpailu 4

Kuokkanen Kreetta & Virtanen Maija
Leslie Wants to Sleep...

Leed Kimmo
Das Monolith

Lehtinen Mikko
Zen Café
Mies eikä poika enää

Lehtinen Mikko
En voi sua unohtaa

Lehtinen Mikko
Tik Tak

Lehtinen Mikko
Lähden menemään

Leino Antti
Thee Ultra Bimboos

Liimakka Raine
Can Can Heads
Hot Blower Meat / I’m not a Tolerant Man / God Spoke…

Liimakka Raine
Valse Triste
Palava koira

Lommi Miikka

Lommi Miikka
Child Is My Name

Lommi Miikka
Bomfunk MC’s
B-boys & Flygirls

Lommi Miikka
Bomfunk MC’s

Lommi Miikka
Kellareiden kasvatit

Kotimainen kilpailu 5

Lommi Miikka
Disko tänä yönä

Louhivuori Joona & Helariutta Matti
Drained Out of Me

Luttinen Kimmo
The Black League
Winter Winds Sing

Maaranen Sami
Rapped Youth
Eipähän siinä mittään

Manninen Mika & Ullvèn Lasse
Limonadi Elohopea

Marjomaa Sampo
Honey England
The Old World Monkeys / MAO

Mastomäki Markku
Alamaailman vasarat
Kebab tai henki!

Mastomäki Markku
Vieraat Vieraat

Mastomäki Markku

Matikainen Katri

Matikainen Katri
No Guarantee

Mustamäki Piia
Naisen orgasmi

Mustonen Heikki
Paksut miehet puhaltavat

Nikki Teemu
Meitä odotellaan mullan alla

Kotimainen kilpailu 6

Nikki Teemu
Pauli Hanhiniemen perunateatteri

Nikki Teemu
69 Eyes
Gothic Girl

Nikki Teemu
Hybrid Children
Urban White Boy Blues

Nissi Esa

Nissi Esa

Nummelin Numi
Maija Vilkkumaa

Nygren Anneli
Tanya Tamagochi
Nukke sohvalla

Oikarinen Matti
Looking for Keith

Olsson Claes
M.A. Numminen
M.A. Numminen Turns Rabbit

Pasanen Tuukka
Etelä puisto

Pauni Pasi
Right Here in My Arms

Pauni Pasi
‘Til You’re Numb

Pauni Pasi
Killing You Killing Me

Pauni Pasi & von Herzen Kie
Don Huonot

Pellonpää Jussi & Salomäenpää Ilkka

Peltonen Timo Esaias
Yhtenä aamuna

Kotimainen kilpailu 7

Peltonen Timo Esaias

Penttilä Kaisa
Giant Robot
Jennifer Kissed Me

Pietiläinen Tommi
Ultra Bra

Pohjoispää Pekka

Prusi Hiski
Wee People
This Thing We Do

Puisto Anssi & Jarva Tomi

Puurunen Risto
Cleaning Women

Puustinen Viljami
The Protestants
Honesty Is the Worst Policy

Rainio Kalevi

Rannikko Mervi
Kaija Koo

Riikonen Juha
Ei paluuta

Riionheimo Tomi
Come Inside
Follow Me

Riionheimo Tomi
Oscar H.O.T. Quartet

Riionheimo Tomi

Riionheimo Tomi
Arto Muna & Millennium
Kesäyön unelma

Kotimainen kilpailu 8

Riionheimo Tomi
Apulanta & Don Huonot with Itäsaksa
Viva La Torremolinos

Riski Pete
Jonna Tervomaa
Yhtä en saa

Riski Pete
Koivuniemen herra

Riski Pete
Waldo’s People
1000 Ways

Riski Pete
Nylon Beat

Ristolainen Pasi

Kahvilassa kahden aikaan

Rokosa Ninotchka
Candy Cane

Rossi Mikko & Da Silva Fernando
Sissy Spacek
My Society of Soft Technology

Saarela ja Ankia Pete
Katulampun alla

Salminen Susanna
Vävyn veisu

Salo Matti

Särkiä O.P.

Staufenbiel Paul Anton
Cosmo Jones Beat Machine
Burnin’ Tires

Syrjä Juuso

Kotimainen kilpailu 9

Taanila Mika
Maritta Kuula: Peltikatolla

117. Takalo Jukka
Ainoastaan toistaiseksi

Takalo Jukka
Taivaan valuuttaa

Takanen Juha
Seoul ‘88

Takula Pasi
A. Aallon Rytmiorkesteri
Sun vain

Tapaninen Janne

Temonen Tuukka
Ei yhtään todistajaa

Temonen Tuukka
Käännä se pois

Temonen Tuukka

Temonen Tuukka
Maj Karman Kauniit Kuvat

Temonen Tuukka

Temonen Tuukka

Tiensuu Tuukka

Tiensuu Tuukka
Sunny Otherside
Someone Must Have Seen

Kotimainen kilpailu 10

Tiensuu Tuukka
The Bad Side

Tiensuu Tuukka
Petri Nygård
Vitun suomirokki

Tiensuu Tuukka
Poor Thing Lily
She’s a Good Girl

Tissari Juha
Sokkelin kivittäjät

Törmänen Olli
Toinen näytös

Tuomaala Tomi
Timo Rautiainen & Trio Niskalaukaus
Rajaton rakkaus

Vehmas Mikko

Vuotila Antti
Kuollut etana
Kassara ja mies

Vuotila Antti
Free Spirit
Cry of an Eagle

Wright Timo T.
The Pansies
Take Solace

Yli-Pihlaja Sami

Yli-Pihlaja Sami

Yli-Suvanto Tomi
Ihana päivä

Yli-Suvanto Tomi

Sunday, July 02, 2000


Antti Alanen

Report from Bologna 1-8 July, 2000

Screenings at Il Cinema Ritrovato

In the silents, expert piano accompaniment was provided by Alain Baents, Antonio Coppola, Deborah Silberer, Donald Sosin, and Gabriel Thibaudeau.


Bologna’s film star project highlighted this year Pauline Frederick, Vilma Banky, Marion Davies, Clara Bow, Florence Vidor, Joan Crawford, Gloria Swanson, Pola Negri, and Lillian Gish.

Three Women (Kolme naista, US 1924), D: Ernst Lubitsch, starring Pauline Frederick. At last, a chance to see in the original this brilliant film which previously was available in French only. ****

Smouldering Fires (US 1925, never released in Finland), D: Clarence Brown, starring Pauline Frederick. This acclaimed love story has been almost impossible to see. Kevin Brownlow brought it to Bologna on Betacam. Visual flair and unconventional performances in the story of a fortysomething female boss who falls in love with a young employee. ****

The Night of Love (Rakkaudenyö, US 1926), P: Goldwyn, D: George Fitzmaurice, starring Vilma Banky. Beautiful print from Cinémathèque Royale of a glamourous film. In exotic Spain, Gypsy king Ronald Colman fights tyrannical Duke Montagu Love and ruins his wedding night with Vilma Banky in revenge. **½

The Patsy (Tulinen tyttö, US 1928), D: King Vidor, starring Marion Davies. A broad family farce with MD as Cinderella. ***

Going Hollywood (Kevään sävel, US 1933), D: Raoul Walsh, starring Marion Davies. A spirited musical. Bing Crosby is madly adored by Marion Davies, but tables turn, and he turns alcoholic pining for her. Lunatic plot turns backed with nice tunes by Arthur Freed and Nacio Herb Brown. ***

Show People (Ilveilijöitä, US 1928), D: King Vidor, starring Marion Davies. The late performance of this brilliant film I almost completely lost to Morpheus.

Mantrap (Synti joka houkuttelee, US 1926), D: Victor Fleming, starring Clara Bow. Mantrap is actually the name of a place. The story is like Juha with Ernest Torrence as Juha, Clara Bow as Marja and Percy Marmont as Shemeikka; with the difference that PM tries to avoid falling for the seductions of CB ”the mantrap”. Erotic fun in rugged milieux. ***

It (Jokin, US 1927), D: Clarence Badger, starring Clara Bow. The definitive flapper movie is feather-light non-feministic entertainment. ***

The Marriage Circle (Avioliiton ilveilyä, US 1924), D: Ernst Lubitsch, starring Florence Vidor, with Adolphe Menjou. EL’s first American social comedy: the Cinémathèque Royale print is more beautiful than the ones I’ve seen before. ****

The Grand Duchess and the Waiter (Lainahöyhenissä, US 1925), D: Malcolm St. Clair, starring Florence Vidor, with Adolphe Menjou. 1920s Hollywood sophisticated comedy at its best: AM has to become a waiter in order to approach the Grand Duchess who has survived the Bolshevik Revolution. ***½

Paid (US 1930, banned in Finland in its day by the self-regulation office of the film industry), D: Sam Wood, starring Joan Crawford. A tough Pre-Code crime drama of a female convict and her revenge. ”You took my name and gave me a number... ”. ***

Our Dancing Daughters (Tanssivat tyttäremme, US 1928), D: Harry Beaumont, DP: George Barnes, starring Joan Crawford. A true Zeitgeist movie, this is a film of surprises, where the first impressions fail, and the second ones, as well. ***½

Zaza (Zaza, US 1923), D: Allan Dwan, starring Gloria Swanson. The story of a tempestuous French actress who once was a singing gamine of the streets; remade in 1939 by Cukor with Claudette Colbert. **½

Stage Struck (Teatteritauti, US 1925), D: Allan Dwan, starring Gloria Swanson. Farce on a waitress’s dreams of stardom starts with a Technicolor daydream sequence and climaxes with a disastrous performance on a showboat. Swanson shows great range as a comedienne. ***½

Tonight or Never (Hänen suurin yönsä, US 1921), D: Mervyn LeRoy, starring Gloria Swanson, with Melvyn Douglas. Brilliant UCLA print. A glamourous sophisticated erotic comedy with a witty script by Ernest Vajda, one of Lubitsch’s screenwriters. Shot by Gregg Toland. ****

Die Bergkatze (Vuorikissa, DE 1921), D: Ernst Lubitsch, starring Pola Negri, DP: Theodor Sparkuhl. Restored in 2000 by FWMS / Bologna / ARTE, music composed and conducted for an orchestra of eight by Marco Dalpane. Classic fantasy-comedy never looked better. ****

The Wind (Pohjoismyrsky, US 1928), D: Victor Seastrom, starring Lillian Gish, with Lars Hanson. Photoplay print with HiFi synchronization by Patrick Stanbury of the score by Carl Davis. For me, familiar with the original sonorized print and silent presentations, this was the most brilliant performance of the film, which grows every time. ****


Rodolfo Sonego, one of Italy’s great screenwriters since WWII, is not a household name abroad, but he would deserve to be.

Rodolfo Sonego: Racconto orale a Tatti Sanguineti (IT 2000), video, extract.

Una lezione di anatomia (IT 1949), D: Rodolfo Sonego. RS’s only work as a director is a witty animated anatomy lesson.

Il sorpasso (IT 1962, never released in Finland, only shown in a special screening), D: Dino Risi, starring Vittorio Gassman. A brutal contemporary satire on ”what price success”, a road movie about an unscrupulous ”hero” who accompanies his outrageous lane changes with annoying horn signals. This became a memorial screening for Gassman, buried the day before in Rome. ***

Totò e Carolina (IT 1954, never released in Finland), D: Mario Monicelli, SC: Flaiano, Age, Scarpelli, Sonego, Monicelli, starring Totò, with Anna Maria Ferrero. Reconstructed presentation of the full version cut in its day by the censorship office. Silent portions shown with electronic subtitling, and a lengthy censored episode dubbed as a live performance. Totò is an elderly policeman on the verge of being fired. As his final mission he has to escort back home Carolina, a desperate young girl who has started to prostitute herself and is about to commit suicide. Totò has to keep Carolina alive to keep his job. Out of this black material, daring comedy is born. ***½

Un eroe dei nostri tempi (IT 1955, never released in Finland), D: Mario Monicelli, M: Nino Rota, starring Alberto Sordi. Sordi develops his classic ”vitellone” character, a master of evading responsibility, in a comedy full of droll incidents. ***½

Lo scopone scientifico (IT 1972, never released in Finland), D: Luigi Comencini, starring Alberto Sordi, Silvana Mangano, Bette Davis, and Joseph Cotten. Sordi and his wife Mangano want to get rich quick playing scopone against billionairess Bette Davis, who is in her death throes. Sordi’s performance is a literal definition of ”a loser”. ***

Il diavolo (IT 1962, never released in Finland), D: Gian Luigi Polidoro, starring Alberto Sordi. An Italian merchant wants to discover Swedish women on his trip to a fur market in Stockholm in December. A marvellously original comedy of manners, with Sordi in great form as the frustrated would-be-Latin-Lover. ***½


Le Criminel (FR 1926, never released in Finland). D: Alexander Ryder. Restored in 2000 by La Cinémathèque Française. Beautiful images from Andalusia. (I only saw the start.)

La Folie du Docteur Tube (FR 1915). D: Abel Gance, DP: Léonce-Henry Burel. Beautiful 2000 restoration by La Cinémathèque Française. I never saw a print this good of this film. **

Au secours! (FR 1924, never released in Finland), D: Abel Gance, starring Max Linder. ”Pochade funambulesque” restored in 2000 by La Cinémathèque Française. Daredevil Max has to keep his nerve for one hour in a haunted castle without crying ”Help!”. **

Paris qui dort (FR 1924, never released in Finland), P+D+ED: René Clair. Restored in 1999 by La Cinémathèque Française. The print excels in comparison to the ones that have been available during the last decades. ***

Cento anni dopo: omaggio ad Alessandro Blasetti. A Blasetti Centenary special in the presence of his daughter: two 1950s car commercials preserved on video

Fiat 600

50.000 per uno solo

Die Insel der Dämonen (DE 1933, never released in Finland), D: Dr. Dalsheim, M: Wolfgang Zeller. Restored in 2000 by Nederlands Filmmuseum, presented by Mark-Paul Meyer and Luciano Berriatua. A discovery in the spirit of Murnau and Flaherty, a powerful drama from the isle of Bali. Zeller’s music has the same kind of inspiration as his score for Vampyr, and the restoration succeeds interestingly with digital sound. ****

Hinter Schloss und Riegel – Trailer for the German version of Pardon Us (Mohikaanimonnit motissa, US 1931). Restored in 2000 by Det Danske Filmmuseum, this is the only known material where Oliver Hardy and Stan Laurel dub themselves in German.

Marquis D’Eon, der Spion der Pompadour (Pompadourin vakooja, DE 1928), D: Karl Grune, starring Liane Haid and Fritz Kortner. Restored in 2000 by Cinemateca Portuguesa. Liane Haid as a cross-dressing spy and Fritz Kortner as mad czar Paul in a stately historical adventure. (I missed the middle.)

Maria do Mar (PG 1930, never released in Finland), D: José Leitão de Barros. Restored in 1998 by ANIM, Freixal (Portugal). Powerful images about the life of fishermen bring to mind The Man of Aran and La terra trema. (I saw only the start.)

Oevers der Viege (FR 1915) c.m.

The Source of the River Peschiera (IT 19--) c.m.

Les Fleurs dans les jardins (FR ca 1914) c.m.

Ideale Filmerzeugung (AT ca 1913) c.m.

Mademoiselle Lotus (FR 1914) c.m.


Posthumous works of Orson Welles reconstructed in 2000 by Münchner Filmmuseum, presented by Stefan Droessler, co-copyrighted by Oja Kodar. These often incomplete sketches are a true Welles treasure. They have the same kind of a touch as F for Fake. ****

Orson Welles’ London (1968-1971). Five sketches: Churchill, Swinging London, Four Clubmen, Stately Home, and Tailors.

Orson Welles’ Vienna (1968). To the accompaniment of zither music, OW walks in Vienna and talks about everything from Sachertorte to espionage. With Senta Berger.

Orson Welles’ Magic Show (1976-1985). Sketches for a feature film on magic: The Light Box, Abu Khan’s Levitation Trick, The Magic Mummy, Chung Ling Soo, The Thread Trick, and The Duck Trick. With Angie Dickinson.

Orson Welles’ Moby Dick (1971). Six scenes of a one-man performance of Moby Dick: Call Me Ishmael, The Wharf in Nantucket, Ahoy the Pequod!, Here’s Little Pip, A Short Pause, and Give Me the Last Harpoon!

Orson Welles’ Unsung Heroes (1979). OW recites a poem by Earl Fultz: ”There Are No Heroes Anymore”.

Orson Welles’ The Spirit of Charles Lindbergh (1984). OW’s last film: recital of a passage from Lindbergh’s diary.


Allegretto – Early Version (1936)

Allegretto – Late Version

An Optical Poem (1937) – Liszt

An American March (1940) – Sousa

Motion Painting No. 1 (1941) – Bach

Radio Dynamics (1943)

New restorations by the Academy Film Archive, presented by Bill Moritz. I saw these films, some of which are easily available on 16mm, for the first time on 35mm. Stirring pioneers of Visual Music. ****


The Old Homestead (Lapsuuden koti, US 1922), D: James Cruze, DP: Karl Brown. Introduced by Gabrielle Claes and Kevin Brownlow, this is no B Movie but an important discovery from a director who was popular in his day (also in Finland) but forgotten now. The hit play on which the film is based has been opened out successfully: there is a feeling for the milieu, and the storm sequence is powerful. **


Peter Greenaway: Bologna Towers 2000 on the Piazza Maggiore. ”Writing on architecture”: an installation of sound, light and history for Bologna 2000, European city of culture. Like Prospero’s Books performed live, as environment art. **

Four Sons (Neljä poikaa, US 1928), D: John Ford. First screening of a 2000 restoration by Cinemateca Portuguesa etc. of Ford’s most popular though not best silent film. With a new score performed by an orchestra of 56 composed and conducted by Antonio Coppola. ”Saving Private Ryan of WWI”: the story of a Bavarian mother who loses three sons in the war, but the last one is saved. I saw this film for the first time on 35mm (it has been available on 16mm only). The Murnau influence is heavy. The theme of maternal love, seminal for Ford, is at its most explicit. The original music and effects track is very important; let’s hope they restore it on 35mm, as well. **½

Vedi Napule e po’ mori! (IT 1924, never released in Finland), P: Gustavo Lombardo, starring Leda Gys. Marvellous live guitar duet and vocals by Guido Sodo and François Laurent provided an authentic Neapolitan musical accompaniment for a memorable performance.

The Living Nickelodeon

Rick Altman (director and pianist), Ann Lamond (soprano), Corey Creekmar (sound effects), and Lauren Rabinovitz (slide projection).

Dress Parade of Scouts, St. Louis Expo (US 1904), PC: Biograph.

The Cowboy and the Lady (US 1903), PC: Biograph, D: Billy Bitzer.

A Discordant Note (US 1903), PC: Biograph, D: Billy Bitzer.

Le Mélomane (FR 1903), D: Georges Méliès.

The Irresistible Piano (FR 1907), PC: Gaumont.

The Suburbanite (US 1904), PC: Biograph.

Schneider’s Anti-Noise Crusade (US 1909), PC: Biograph, D: D.W. Griffith.

Slim Jim and Jack Fat at Luna Park (US 1910)

Suspense (US 1913), D: Lois Weber.

Plus illustrated song slides.

An exciting discovery, for instance getting to listen to J.S. Zamecnik’s original 1912 movie tunes in the last two films. ****

Hanno rubato un tram (IT 1954, never released in Finland), D and starring: Aldo Fabrizi, SC: Luciano Vincenzoni, Ass.D.: Sergio Leone, DP: Mario Bava. In the presence of Luciano Vincenzoni. An open air special on the Piazza Maggiore packed with people. Inspired by a true incident, the film tells the same story as Luis Buñuel did in La ilusion viaja en tranvia: the rebel ride of a suspended tram driver in the nocturnal city. Filmed in Bologna, which so far had rarely been a film location. Full with charming detail. **½

Modern Times (Nykyaika, US 1936), Charles Chaplin. Premiere of the reconstructed score conducted by Timothy Brock and performed by the Orchestra del Teatro Comunale di Bologna at the magnificent Teatro Comunale. The most elaborate and imaginative of Chaplin’s scores is more gripping and charming now. There’s more to the score than could be recorded on the soundtrack in the release year. ****